Chapter 1: Basic Information
Article 1: State people
(1) citizens become that title if they are born in the nation or a territory of the nation. Also if they are naturalized.
(2) The official language is English and Spanish.
Article 2: State form
(1) this nation is sovereign from the U.S.A as of
(2) This constitution is the absolute supreme rule of Petorio, in the future if ANY rules of it are broken by a government official he/she shall be tried for committing an “unconstitutional act.”
Article 3: Symbols, capital etc.
(1) The national colors are red, white and black. The national flag can be changed over time but must have these colors in it. Any other national symbols can be made up in the future.
(2) The national motto is “Libere del rey, Petorio es fuerte
(3) The nations capital will be located in Palmyra Creek, Keystone Territory.
Please note these are 2008 issues
(1) This nation promotes but does not necessarily have the following…
(a) civil rights, fair justice
(b) free health care
(c) welfare options for non-wealthy people
(d) preservation and development of national culture
(e) preservation of historical and national landmarks
(f) environmental protection
(g) equal treatment to minorities
Article 4: security
(1) Petorio works towards micronational peace and tries to prevent war.
(2) Civil war shall NOT be tolerated.
(3) Police forces shall protect against crime
Article 5: elections
(1) every 2 years a national election occurs to appoint a leader or “president”
(2) citizens and ONLY citizens of Petorio can vote in elections, their vote shall be private, fair and equal
(3) The leader shall not abuse his power
Article 6: National Powers
(1) the following matters are given to the government to act upon
(a) national defense
(b) economic regulations
(g) foreign relations
Article 7: Law
(1) every criminal has the right to trial by jury
(2) only judges have final rule to a criminals fate, it must be a fair one
(3) suspects shall be questioned and only arrested if they are proved to be criminals
Article 8: Rights and freedoms
(1) every citizen has the right to…
(a) fair and speedy trial in court
(b) be treated equally by peers and governments
(2) freedoms of…
(e) actions (with some legal restrictions)
Article 9: Labor Laws
(1) slavery is STRICTLY PROHIBITED!!
(2) Every citizen has freedom of profession meaning…
(a) citizens can freely choose their occupation
(b) citizens can freely choose their place of work and how they work
(c) no citizen shall be forced to work
Article 10: other
(1) the president can approve or deny laws put forth by the parliament
BY SIGNING I APPROVE OF THE CONSTITUTION OF PETORIO…
If the government of Petorio feels that the original constitution was vague they may edit it. Edits may only occur 4 times a year.
Chapter 6: Military
Article 11: general regulations
(1) At the age of 16 male or female citizens of Petorio may wish to register with the Petorian Armed Forces on the Army, Navy or Border Patrol.
(2) citizens and ONLY citizens of Petorio can register. In times of war, any registered citizens, must be deployed.
(3) Any and all decelerations of war must be approved by the GUM security council.
Chapter 7: Government (pt. 2)
Article 12: wrongdoing
(1) If a president, governor, mayor or representative in parliament is accused of any wrongdoing they have the right to trial by jury.
(a) if they are found innocent by 3/4 or more of the jury they will resume their term in office.
(b) if they are found guilty by 3/4 or more of the jury they will be succeeded by their vice president. If a mayor or governor is found guilty a special election will occur.
Article 13: succession
(1) Following the victory in an election a president, governor, mayor or representative must be inaugurated 1-5 days later.
(2) When a leader is inaugurated they must take an "oath of office." The oath of office goes as follows
(a) President - "I, (president-elect), do faithfully swear that i will protect and serve truly the people of Petorio and the constitution of Petorio. So help me god (or i swear)
(b) Governor - "I, (governor-elect), do faithfully swear that i will protect and serve truly the people of (province or territory) and the constitution of Petorio. So help me god (or i swear)
(c) Paliamentary Representitive - "I, (senator-elect, commoner-elect), do faithfully swear that i will protect and serve truly the people of Petorio and the constitution of Petorio. So help me god (or i swear)
(d) Mayor - "I, (mayor-elect), do faithfully swear that i will protect and serve truly the people of (city) and the constitution of Petorio. So help me god (or i swear)
Article 14: Resignation
(1) If a leader feels that they can no longer serve their term they must give a valid reason to the president or parliament who will then approve or deny it.
Chapter 8: Parliament
Article 15: elections
(1) Every year in December a Parliamentary election must occur. (2) Any Petorian citizen of any age from the province they are running to represent may run for Senator or Commoner Article 16: Job of Parliament (1) Member of the Senate, the President or Vice President can introduce legislature. (2) The Senate will vote on proposed legislature first following discussion. (3) The House of Commons will vote on the passed legislature after the Senate (a) The president can overrule the House of Commons if they deny legislature however he/she cannot overrule a decision made by the Senate. (b) When the president signs legislature approved by both houses or legislature approved by the Senate and denied by the House of Commons, though overruled, the law will become official.
Chapter 9: War Article 17: Deceleration of War (1) War must only be declared when Petorio or an ally is seriously threatened by a 3rd party (2) Only the President may declare war on a foreign country (a) Before war can be made official the Parliament must approve of the presidents decision by an 80% "yay" voting in the Senate and a 60% "yay" voting in the House of Commons. (3) Petorio must pull out of a war is nothing serious occurs within 6 months of entering
Chapter 10: Economy Article 18: Printing Bank Notes
(1) Only the Federal government, the Bank of Petorio and the president can print bank notes. There will be a $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 bank note (a) The president can only print bank notes after being approved by the Bank of Petorio Article 19: Minting Coins (1) Only the Federal government and the Bank of Petorio can mint Petorian coins. There will be 10¢, 20¢, 50¢ and $1 coins (2) It is required that when minted the coins include the date of minting. This law does not apply to Bank Notes. (a) The 10¢ coin is to be made of copper (b) The 20¢ coin is to be made of silver or zinc (c) The 50¢ coin is to be made of silver or zinc (d) The 10¢ coin is to be made of gold Article 20: Usage of Bank notes and Coins (1) Citizens may use Bank notes and coins for personal and buisness usage (2) It is illegal to deface Petorian currency (a) The punishment for defacing bank notes is a $10-$60 federal fine. (b) The punishment for defacing coins is a $100-$250 federal fine. (3) It is illegal to counterfit Petorian currency (a) The punishment for counterfiting bank notes is an $800-$2000 fine and possible incarceration (b) The punishment for counterfiting coins is a $2000-$4500 fine and possible incarceration.